The Asian Development Bank (ADB) plans to raise its annual lending to India to a maximum of $4 billion to support the country to accelerate inclusive economic transformation toward upper-middle-income status, as laid out in a new ADB country partnership strategy (CPS) for 2018-2022.
ADB’s programme in India will focus on three main pillars of activity during the 5-year period — boosting economic competitiveness to create more and well-paid jobs, improved access to infrastructure and services, and addressing climate change and improving climate resilience.
The planned lending level, which includes private sector operations, compares with an average of $2.65 billion a year in loans extended in the period 2012-2016.
It is a regional development bank established on 22 August 1966 and is headquartered in the Philippines. It aims to facilitate economic development of countries in Asia. It also aims for an Asia and Pacific free from poverty.
The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP, formerly known as the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East) and non-regional developed countries.
Currently, it has 67 members – of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside.
ADB was modelled closely on the World Bank and has a similar weighted voting system where votes are distributed in proportion with member’s capital subscriptions.
ADB raises funds through bond issues on the world’s capital markets.
ADB also rely on its members’ contributions, retained earnings from its lending operations, and the repayment of loans.
Japan holds the largest proportions of shares at 15.67%. The United States holds 15.56%, China holds 6.47%, India holds 6.36%, and Australia holds 5.81%.
Board of Governors:
It is the highest policy-making body of the bank.
It is composed of one representative from each member state.
The Board of Governors also elects the bank’s President who is the chairperson of the Board of Directors and manages ADB.
The Alternate Board of Governors is nominated by Board of Governors of ADB’s 67 to represent them at the Annual Meeting that meets formally once a year to be held in a member country.
It offers both Hard Loans and Soft loans. The ADB offers “hard” loans from ordinary capital resources (OCR) on commercial terms, and the Asian Development Fund (ADF) affiliated with the ADB extends “soft” loans from special fund resources with concessional conditions.