The Centre for United Nations Peacekeeping (CUNPK), India and the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect jointly started the pilot “Training of Trainers (ToT) Course on Civilian Protection and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)”,
The course is being attended by 30 officers including eight from Friendly Foreign Countries.
The course is designed for mid-level military officials from the countries that are active “Troop Contributing Countries” to the UN peacekeeping operations.
The Centre for United Nations Peacekeeping (CUNPK), has been set up in New Delhi, drawing on India’s vast experience in the field of UN Peacekeeping. It functions under the directions of a Board of management under the Chairmanship of Vice Chief of the Army Staff.
Role and important functions:
The Centre conducts International Training Capsules for Military Contingent Officers, Military Observers, and Staff and Logistics Officers.
The Centre regularly organizes Seminars, Joint Working Groups and Command Post Exercises at the National and International level.
It is also a repository of information on India’s involvement in UN Peacekeeping and is continuing to build and update its research on peacekeeping related issues.
United Nations Peacekeeping was created in 1948. Its first mission involved the establishment of the UN Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO), which served to observe and maintain ceasefire during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
UN Peacekeeping maintains three basic principles: Consent of the parties, impartiality, and non-use of Force except in self-defense and defense of the mandate.
The UN Peacekeepers are led by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DKPO).
There are currently 17 UN peace operations deployed on four continents.
UN Peacekeepers are from diverse backgrounds, from areas all around the world. They include police, military, and civilian personnel. They are often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets.
The UN Peacekeeping Force won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988.
The United Nations Charter gives the United Nations Security Council the power and responsibility to take collective action to maintain international peace and security. For this reason, the international community usually looks to the Security Council to authorize peacekeeping operations.