November 22, 2017 at 9:28 am #1970
“The difference between the Moderates and the Extremists was one of degree rather than of kind.” ExplainNovember 23, 2017 at 7:40 pm #1988November 23, 2017 at 7:41 pm #1989November 24, 2017 at 10:15 pm #2004November 24, 2017 at 10:16 pm #2005December 3, 2017 at 3:25 pm #2068
The difference between the moderates and the extremists was one of degree rather than of kind. This is being said on the basis that both were fighting against a colonial government. The moderates as well as extremists were of the view that –
- the British government in India was exploitative in nature.
- it has colonial rule that was responsible for the growing poverty and underdevelopment of India.
Moderate leaders gave the theory of drain of wealth and deindustrialization as an example to it.
the Indians were denied their due position in legislature and executive branches by the British government in India.
However the mode of agitation was different. Moderates were of the view that the method should be that of –
- petition, prayer and protest; and
- creating public opinion in India as well as in Britain against this exploitation through constitutional means.
Extremists were in favor of popular means like passive resistance.
Thus the difference was one of degree rather than kind. As B.G. Tilak said, the extremists of yesterday will be moderates of tomorrow.
If you compare two eras of congress, you can see that it was the path of evolution of congress. In the beginning congress was only a forum made by Britishers under the safety valve theory to ventilate grievances.
From there it evolved into a group primarily controlled by Indians demanding better rights and later Independence. Leaving the different eras of Congress, the question is primarily about the extremists and moderates who coexisted at a time when there was constant debates within the congress about the courses of action and aims of congress.
In this era, the moderates and extremists were against British, but question was only ‘how much against’. I hope you understand the hasty answer you wrote was focused on wrong themes or based on some misconceptions though some of the points are correct. Though later part of your answer is correct, the initial part may prejudice the UPSC IAS examiner about your knowledge on the topic and affect the marks you receive. Please take care of that.
Dear Rahul, I think you hit the bulls eye in this answer. Well done…December 4, 2017 at 10:42 pm #2071
thank you sir, for appreciation. will keep up.December 8, 2017 at 11:33 pm #2145
[caption id="" align="alignnone" width="226"] Page 1[/caption]December 8, 2017 at 11:37 pm #2146December 12, 2017 at 8:51 pm #2193
You missed the exact point in the introduction. Question is not worried about success or failure of the strategies. But it worries only about was there much difference between them or not. So the introduction in this sense seems to be an overstatement. Rest of your answer is really good and well constructed. Keep it up.December 12, 2017 at 10:46 pm #2197
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