Ministers from India, Brazil, Germany, and Japan have expressed concern that although it has been almost 40 years since the Security Council reform was put on the General Assembly agenda, it is still languishing.
Formed in 2005, the G4 nations comprise Brazil, Germany, India, and Japan. Unlike many inter-governmental bodies whose primary motives are economic and political, the G4’s aim is to ensure permanent membership on the United Nations Security Council.
The UNSC has 15 members – 5 permanent members with veto powers and 10 non-permanent members. The 5 permanent members are the U.K., the U.S., China, France, and Russia.
The G4 nations are regularly elected to two-year terms as non-permanent members.
India has been a member of the UNSC for seven terms (14 years). Cumulatively, the G4 has spent about 64 years on the Security Council ever since the UN’s inception.
The U.K. and France have backed the G4’s bid for permanent seats on the Council.
However, there is a group led by Italy, called Uniting for Consensus (UfC) that does not believe in G4’s idea of increasing the number of permanent seats in the UNSC.