In an attempt to resolve the vexed issue of stressed power projects, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government has set up an empowered committee headed by cabinet secretary P.K. Sinha, who was earlier India’s power secretary. This comes in the backdrop of non-performing assets (NPAs) in power generation accounting for around 5.9% of the banking sector’s total outstanding advances of ₹ 4.73 trillion, according to the second volume of the Economic Survey 2016-17 released in August.
While several measures including the insolvency framework have been put into effect, concerns have been raised that stressed projects have drawn bids for around ₹ 1-2 crore per megawatt (MW), a fraction of the ₹ 5 crores per MW needed to build them. Power minister Raj Kumar Singh said last month that the government didn’t want assets that are complete and constructed at a cost of ₹5 crore per MW to be sold off at ₹ 1 crore per MW or ₹ 2 crores per MW because the people who will buy it at such throw away prices will make a killing.
Mint reported on 21 June about the government’s plan to warehouse stressed power projects totaling 25,000MW under an asset management firm to protect the value of the assets and prevent their distress sale under the insolvency and bankruptcy code till the demand for power picks up. State-run Rural Electrification Corp. Ltd has identified projects with a total debt of around ₹ 1.8 trillion as part of the scheme, named Power Asset Revival through Warehousing and Rehabilitation, or ‘Pariwartan’.
“Stressed thermal power assets are a cause of concern for the country. With a view to resolve the stress and revive such assets, the government has decided to set up a high-level empowered committee headed by cabinet secretary with representatives from the ministry of railways, ministry of finance, ministry of power, ministry of coal and the lenders having major exposure to the power sector,” the statement added.
The NDA government is exploring a series of measures to boost electricity demand in the country. These include setting up a pan-India power distribution company, given that the segment will be key to the long-term fortunes of the power sector. Distribution companies have so far been the weakest link in the electricity value chain. Poor payment records of state-owned electricity distribution companies (discoms) have not only adversely affected power generation companies but have contributed to stress in the banking sector as well.
Also, India’s electricity demand is expected to go up with the Centre setting up a December 2018 deadline to provide electrical connections to more than 40 million rural and urban households under the ₹ 16,320 crore Saubhagya scheme.