The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi is set to inaugurate a first-of-its-kind 5G radio laboratory on campus, which is likely to reduce effects of exposure and radiation compared to the 3G/4G systems.
What is MIMO Technology?
Multiple-input multiple-output, or MIMO, is a radio communications technology or RF technology that is being mentioned and used in many new technologies these days.
Wi-Fi, LTE; Long Term Evolution, and many other radios, wireless and RF technologies are using the new MIMO wireless technology to provide increased link capacity and spectral efficiency combined with improved link reliability using what was previously seen as interference paths.
MIMO technology uses a natural radio-wave phenomenon called multipath. With multipath, transmitted information bounces off walls, ceilings, and other objects, reaching the receiving antenna multiple times at different angles and slightly different times. In the past, multipath caused interference and slowed down wireless signals. With multipath, MIMO technology uses multiple, smart transmitters and receivers with an added spatial dimension, increasing performance and range.
The significance of Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technology:
In Massive MIMO technology, several antennas are deployed at the base station as compared to only a few antennas in 3G/4G. This large antenna array at the base station allows the network to communicate reliably with a very large number of mobile terminals simultaneously at the same time and on the same frequency channel.
Benefits: It will help curb the emittance of radiation harmful to our health and also will allow less radio interference for better communication.