Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has launched the Harit Diwali-Swasth Diwali campaign aimed to reduce adverse environmental conditions,
MOEFCC has merged this year’s campaign with “Green Good Deed” movement that has been initiated as social mobilization for conservation and protection of the environment.
To reduce adverse environmental conditions especially pollution in the country after post-Diwali celebrations due to the excessive bursting of crackers which contributes significantly to air and noise pollution.
Harit Diwali-Swasth Diwali campaign:
This campaign was initiated in 2017-18 to enlighten children about harmful firecrackers and motivate them to celebrate Diwali in an environment-friendly manner and not to buy firecrackers, instead buy a gift, food items, or sweets for poor and underprivileged children living in their locality.
Under this campaign, the MoEFCC will undertake various activities for creating awareness among various stakeholders and encourage people to participate in combating air pollution. This campaign was extremely successful and the air quality had not deteriorated post-Diwali in 2017 unlike what was experienced in 2016.
Air pollution is a serious health issue in the country especially in the northern parts during winter seasons. It is attributed to dust, burning of crops in certain states, burning of garbage construction and prevailing climatic conditions.
This air pollution has serious impacts on the health of children aged people and people suffering from respiratory ailments. Diwali which is a festival of lights falls during the same period. As a matter of practice, people have been celebrating Diwali by bursting crackers.
Crackers contain combustible chemicals that include potassium chlorate powdered aluminum, magnesium, salts of barium, copper, sodium, lithium, strontium etc. and emits smoke on combustion of these chemicals along with the sound. This smoke and sound has health impacts on children, aged people and also animal and birds. Apart from these compounds large amount of waste is also generated after bursting of crackers.