After several years of delay, Andhra Pradesh will finally have its own High Court in Amaravati. President Ram Nath Kovind on Wednesday issued a gazette notification for the functioning of the new High Court in Amaravati with effect from January 1.
The new High Court for Andhra Pradesh will be the 25th High Court in the country. The new Andhra HC is expected to function from a temporary structure in the state’s capital till a permanent building is set up at the ‘Justice City’ being planned in Amaravati.
Constitutional provisions related to High Court in India:
Article 214 provides that every State shall have a High Court, however, Article 231 states that Article 214 shall not be a bar for constituting a common high court for two or more States.
Only Parliament may by law establish a Common High Court for two or more States. This means that, unless Parliament by law establishes a Common High Court for two or more States, every State has to have a High Court, i.e., upon formation of a new State a new High Court is also formed.
Article 216 provides that every High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other number of judges as the President may from time to time deem necessary to appoint.
Article 217 relates to the appointment of HC judges.