The University Grants Commission (UGC) has brought out a new set of regulations to alter the conditions for recruitment and promotion of college and university teachers, so as to make universities more focussed on research and colleges on the teaching-learning process.
For the first time, requirements for promotions — measured through the API points till now, but to be measured by grades, like satisfactory, good and very good, in future — have been made different for college and university teachers.
The research will no longer be mandatory for college teachers for promotion. However, university promotions will offer weight to research done. College teachers will be graded on teaching rather than research. College teachers can still do research and earn higher grades for it.
Other than research, college teachers can earn grades for other activities too — like social work, helping in the adoption of a village, helping students in extra-curricular activities, contributing teaching material to Swayam, the MOOCS platform for online material.
College teachers can become professors now. Till now, a college teacher could not rise above the rank of associate professor, the professor post being limited to university departments.
To become an assistant professor in a college, the requirement remains the same: Ph.D. or NET plus a master’s degree. However, for promotion to the post of associate professor, a Ph.D. will be mandatory even at the college level.
Indians who had been awarded a doctoral degree from any of the top 500 global universities would be eligible to teach in Indian universities without the requirement of any equivalence certificate or NET as soon as the regulations are notified.
The University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) is a statutory body set up in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of Human Resource Development.
It is charged with coordination, determination, and maintenance of standards of higher education. It provides recognition to universities in India and disburses funds to such recognized universities and colleges.