Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

After initial hiccups in implementing the maternity benefit programme Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), the government has finally made some headway and provided cash incentives to nearly 23.6 lakh beneficiaries out of an estimated 51.6 lakh a year.

About PMMVY:

Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), previously Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY), is a maternity benefits program run by the government of India.

PMMVY is implemented by the Ministry of Women & Child Development in collaboration with State Governments.

It is Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which the cost-sharing ratio between the Centre and the States & UTs with Legislature is 60:40, for the North-Eastern States & three Himalayan States, it is 90:10 and 100% Central assistance for Union Territories without Legislature.

It is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for first two live births.

It provides a partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices.

In 2013, the scheme was brought under the National Food Security Act, 2013 to implement the provision of cash maternity benefit of ₹6,000 stated in the Act.

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Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM)

The Union Minister of Rural Development, Panchayati Raj and Mines, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar will confer the National Awards on Best Performing Self Help Groups under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM)

Conferring awards to best performing SHG and Village Organizations was initiated by DAY-NRLM in 2016-17. The National Awards to the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) are intended to provide public recognition to the outstanding performance of the community institutions and incorporate a sense of pride among the poor community members.

The SHGs are a perfect example of how livelihoods of households can transform through a collective approach, managed in line with core democratic and financial principles. The SHG has contributed to several community-level activities for the common good. These include awareness promotion for constructing household toilets using SBM funds, environmental sanitation, liquid waste management and support for maintenance of village commons. SHG has demonstrated strong features of a progressive community-based institution.

About Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana:

Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India in June 2011. The Mission aims at creating efficient and effective institutional platforms of the rural poor enabling them to increase household income through sustainable livelihood enhancements and improved access to financial services.

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Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban)

Andhra Pradesh gets 56,512 houses, Uttar Pradesh-26,060, Madhya Pradesh-17,920, Jharkhand-14,526, Maharashtra-13,506

Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has approved the construction of another 1.5 lakh affordable houses for the benefit of urban poor under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) with an investment of Rs.7,227 cr with central assistance of Rs.2,209 cr. The approval was given in the 34thmeeting of the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring Committee in its meeting held here yesterday.

Andhra Pradesh has been sanctioned 56,512 houses in 22 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.3,184 cr with central assistance of Rs.848 cr. Uttar Pradesh got 23,060 houses in 110 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.870cr and central assistance of Rs.346 cr. Madhya Pradesh has been sanctioned 17,920 affordable houses in 32 cities with an investment of Rs.730cr and central assistance of Rs.269 cr.  Jharkhand has been sanctioned 14,526 houses in 26 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.1,075 cr with central assistance of Rs.209 cr.

Maharashtra has been sanctioned 13,506 houses in 15 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.643cr with central assistance of Rs.201 cr.  Chhattisgarh got 7,615 houses in 61 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.234cr and central assistance of Rs.114 cr. Rajasthan has been sanctioned 6,576 affordable houses in 30 cities with an investment of Rs.285cr and central assistance of Rs.99 Cr.  Odisha has been sanctioned 4,849 houses in 20 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.146cr with central assistance of Rs.73 Cr.  Punjab has been sanctioned 1,909 houses in 48 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.71cr with central assistance of Rs.28 Cr.  Assam got 1,520 houses in 6 cities and towns with an investment of Rs.39cr and central assistance of Rs.23 Cr.

With the above-proposed houses, cumulative houses under PMAY(U) would be 47,52,751 houses.

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Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

The Central Government is looking to launch seven schemes for 17,000 poor villages, under which free LPG connections, electricity supply, Jan Dhan accounts, two PM Insurance schemes and the immunisation of children will be available in 21 days.

This plan will be implemented in 484 districts in 33 States and Union Territories. The maximum number of these villages are in Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Meghalaya. The objective of the scheme is to ensure total coverage, which is an ambitious goal for the government.

The campaign is scheduled to be launched on Ambedkar Jayanti, i.e. 14th April under the name of “Sabka Sath, Sabka Gaon, Sabka Vikas”. It is in line with rural development schemes like “Antyodaya” – based on the principle of “convergence and saturation”. The current initiative will aim for 100% coverage under the schemes for eligible beneficiaries in the three-week window from April 14 to May 5.

The seven schemes are – Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Saubhagya, Ujala scheme, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and Mission Indradhanush.

The objective of the ‘Abhiyan’ is to promote social harmony, reach out to poor rural households, obtain feedback on ongoing programmes, enrol in new initiatives, focus on doubling farmers’ income, enhance livelihood opportunities and re-emphasise national priorities such as cleanliness and strengthen Panchayati Raj institutions, a press note said.

Also, discussed in the meeting was that ‘Samajik Nyaya Diwas’ would be celebrated on April 14 under “Gram Swaraj Abhiyan”.

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‘First Indian Sign Language Dictionary of 3000 Words’ Launched

“First Indian Sign Language Dictionary of 3000 words” was launched by Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment at a function here today. The dictionary has been developed by Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLR&TC) under Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), M/o Social Justice & Empowerment. Ministers of State for Social Justice and Empowerment Shri Krishan Pal Gujar and Shri Ramdas Athwale and Shri Krishan Pal Gurjar were also present on the occasion.

ISLR&TC has been working on its dream project of developing the Indian Sign Language Dictionary for last one and a half years. As per the census 2011, there are 50, 71,007 Deaf people and 19, 98,535 with speech disability in India. ISLRTC, New Delhi realized the gravity of the situation and issues being faced by a large number of Deaf people in common communication.

Therefore, ISLRTC has developed an ISL Dictionary for Deaf people and Hearing people, offering them the maximum words to learn and expressing their feelings, ideas etc. ISL dictionary consists of various categories of words for example legal terms, medical terms, academic terms, technical terms and daily use words. The videos are subtitled.

The English and Hindi terms for the dictionary will also help deaf children to learn English. The ISL dictionary consists of words of five categories:

Everyday Terms – This category includes terms that are used in everyday communication. The videos contain the sign and the corresponding English term.

Legal Terms – This category includes videos for 237 legal terms help explain complicated legal terminology like “Affidavit”, “Acquittal”, etc. That is used in various legal situations.

Academic Terms – To help deaf children understand complex academic concepts, the academic dictionary contains explanations for terms like “Nervous System”, “Rotation” and “Revolution”, etc. The words are from various subjects like Physics, Geography, Biology, Maths, etc. This category contains 229 videos for 212 terms.

Medical Terms – This category includes 200 sign videos for 200 medical terms will help the deaf community to better understand medical terminology used in hospitals and in medical situations.

Technical Terms – This category has 206 videos of sign and explanations in ISL for 204 technical terms that are used in vocational training or in computer courses.

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Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, PMAY (Urban)

The Centre has given nod for the construction of over 1.86 lakh more affordable houses for urban poor under its urban housing scheme, taking the total number of houses to over 39.25 lakh, the government said today.

The latest approvals under under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, PMAY (Urban), entailed an investment of Rs 11,169 crore with central assistance of Rs 2,797 crore, the Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry said in a release.

Haryana has been sanctioned the maximum number of 53,290 houses in this round of approval, followed by Tamil Nadu 40,623 houses, Karnataka 32,656 houses and Gujarat 15,584 houses.

Maharashtra got 12,123 houses, Kerala 9,461, Uttarakhand 6,226 and Orissa 5,133 houses.

After subsuming projects of previous government’s housing scheme ‘Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY)’, the total number of houses being funded under PMAY (Urban) has reached over 39.25 lakh, the release said.

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Ujjwala Yojana

The Cabinet has approved the increase in the target for the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, meant to provide LPG connections to rural women, to eight crores from the earlier five crores, adding that this has to be achieved by 2020. It also approved an additional allocation for the scheme of ₹4,800 crore.

About the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana:

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households. Under the scheme, an adult woman member of a below poverty line family identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) is given a deposit-free LPG connection with the financial assistance of Rs 1,600 per connection by the Centre.

Eligible households will be identified in consultation with state governments and Union territories. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

What makes LPG adoption necessary?

About 75 crore Indians, especially women and girls, are exposed to severe household air pollution (HAP) from the use of solid fuels such as biomass, dung cakes and coal for cooking. A report from the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare places HAP as the second leading risk factor contributing to India’s disease burden.

According to the World Health Organization, solid fuel use is responsible for about 13% of all mortality and morbidity in India (measured as Disability-Adjusted Life Years), and causes about 40% of all pulmonary disorders, nearly 30% of cataract incidences, and over 20% each of ischemic heart disease, lung cancer and lower respiratory infection.

The PMUY is a bold and much-needed initiative, but it should be recognized that this is just a first step. The real test of the PMUY and its successor programmes will be in how they translate the provision of connections to sustained use of LPG or other clean fuels such as electricity or biogas. Truly smokeless kitchens can be realized only if the government follows up with measures that go beyond connections to actual usage of LPG. This may require concerted efforts cutting across Ministries beyond petroleum and natural gas and including those of health, rural development and women and child welfare.

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