For the first time ever, United Nations member states, except the US, have agreed on a deal to better manage international migration, address its challenges, strengthen migrant rights and contribute to sustainable development.
Known as the Global Compact for Migration, the agreement will be formally adopted by world leaders in Morocco in December.
The compact is the first intergovernmental agreement to cover wide-ranging dimensions of international migration in holistic and comprehensive manner, agreed upon by all the UN member states minus the United States.
It sets out 23 objectives to deal issues ranging from factors that compel people to move, legal channels for migration, combating trafficking and smuggling, harnessing the economic benefits of migration and return of the migrants.
It is not legally binding.
Over 250 million migrants worldwide account for 3% of the world’s entire population but contribute 10% of the global gross domestic production (GDP). Migrants remittance is a huge contributor to their home countries’ development.
The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) offers the international community the opportunity to improve workplace productivity and deliver decent work outcomes for migrant and national workers, as well as to shift current misperceptions of migration, by readjusting migration policies to effectively include all labor market aspects.