The World Economic Forum (WEF) on December 18, 2018, released the Global Gender Gap Report 2018, reviewing 149 countries on the basis of their progress towards gender parity and then lists them accordingly in its Global Gender Gap Index.
These 149 countries are ranked on the basis of four thematic dimensions- Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment.
This year, the Gender Gap Index was topped by Iceland with a score of 0.858, holding the top spot in the index for the 10th consecutive year.
India’s rank in Global Gender Gap Index 2018
India was ranked 108th in the Global Gender Gap Index 2018, same as it was ranked in 2017.
In terms of economic opportunity and participation, India ranked 142nd out of 149 countries. Moreover, India continued to rank third-lowest in the world on health and survival, remaining the world’s least-improved country on this subindex.
Though India made no improvement in the overall gender gap ranking, it recorded improvement in wage equality and managed to fully close its tertiary education gender gap for the first time.
Among other South Asian countries, India fetched fourth place with top 3 being Bangladesh (48th), Sri Lanka (100th) and Nepal (105th).
south Asia is the second-lowest-scoring region, with a remaining gender gap of 34.2%, ahead of the Middle East and North Africa, and behind sub-Saharan Africa.
Key highlights of the Global Gender Gap Report 2018
According to the report, the world has closed 68 per cent of its gender gap; and at the current rate of change, it will take 108 years more to close the overall gender gap and 202 years to bring about parity in the workplace.
The Gender Gap Index 2018 was topped by Iceland, having closed more than 85.8 per cent of its overall gender gap.
Nordic countries dominated the top spots in the index with Norway ranked at 2nd, Sweden at 3rd, and Finland at 4th.
Other countries rounding of the top-10 were Nicaragua (5th), Rwanda (6th), New Zealand (7th), the Philippines (8th), Ireland (9th) and Namibia (10th).
Among the G20 group of countries, France leads in 12th place, followed by Germany (14th), United Kingdom (15th), Canada (16th) and South Africa (19th), United States (51st), and six countries below 100- China (103rd), India (108th), Japan (110th), Korea (115th) Turkey (130th) and Saudi Arabia (141st).